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Introduction

The NTU School of Dentistry of the College of Medicine was the former dental unit of the Taipei Imperial University affiliated hospital founded by the Japanese. After World War II, Taipei Imperial University was converted to National Taiwan University (NTU), and its affiliated hospital subsequently became National Taiwan University Hospital.

At the time, the dean of the College of Medicine, Dr. Tsung-Ming Tu, took the advice from an American consultant, Dr. Brown, and initiated the establishment of the School of Dentistry as well as the School of Pharmacy. In 1953, with Dr. Huo-Yao Wei as the dean, the NTU School of Dentistry was formally founded as a university-based dental school, and it began admitting students in 1955. The first chairman of the School of Dentistry was Dr. Shui Kuo, who also served as the professor of dental science in the medical college. In 1988, the Graduate Institute of Clinical Dentistry was established. Shortly after, in 1991, a PhD course was added to the original master’s course. In 1996, the dental school received authorization to commence graduate courses in oral biology.

In 2005, the school celebrated its 50th birthday, and during these 50 years, our teaching quality, dental services, and research in dental science have achieved a marked progress. We are grateful that our predecessors have provided us with a solid background and we are ready to meet any future challenges with confidence.

Teaching Facilities

All clinical experiments have designated student laboratories and machines adequate for individual learning. Currently the establishment of the Dental Simulation Teaching Center is under its way. Furthermore, we also have Virtual Reality Dental Simulation System (DentSim), Contemporary Non-Computer-Assisted Dental Simulation System, Image-guided Navigation Implant System, and dental cone bean CT which are comparable to those of the top dental schools in the world.

Clinical Learning Environment

We base our teachings on the fundamental of “Total Patient Care,” along with a digitalized clinical learning environment consisting of digitalized teaching microscopic system in endodontics, dynamic MRI technique of TMJ, digitalized dental imaging capturing system in pedodontics, and digitalized cephalometric analysis system in orthodontics, enabling us to provide the most advanced clinical service.

Clinical Research

Aspects of clinical research include the establishment and development of dental technology laboratories that correspond with the latest trend of advancing treatment techniques and apparatuses, as well as cell biology research laboratories that provide regeneration and tissue engineering procedures. Furthermore, we also collaborate with other departments to combine fundamental knowledge with clinical practice, essentially developing biomaterials beneficial for clinical use.

Goals

Our goals are to exclusively improve the education of dental science (including our undergraduate, graduate, and specialist trainings), academic research, and treatment standards. We aim for outstanding graduates that will provide great service to improve the health of our community.

Aims

  1. Prepare distinguished teaching staffs and research workers in basic science and clinical dentistry to advance both the art and science of dentistry in Taiwan.
  2. Offer advanced education for dentists and dental assistants to improve the current situation of dental service in Taiwan.
  3. Provide advice and consultancy to government authorities on oral hygiene, preventive dentistry, and policies for dental service.

Organization

Faculty

  1. Faculty to student ratio: 1:8 (including graduate students).
  2. Current faculty:10 professors; 9 associate professors; 11 assistant professors; 1 clinical assistant professor; 2 lecturers; 3 clinical lecturer; among which 30 have PhD degrees, 4 have masters degrees and 15 are adjunct faculties.
Li-Deh Lin Professor/Dean/Chairman PhD.University of Toronto,Canada Prosthodontics, Oral implantology
Mark Yen-Ping Kuo Professor PhD.University of Pennsylvania,USA Molecular Biology
Chun-Pin Lin Professor PhD.University of Minnesota,USA Endodontics, Dental materials, Biomechanics
Jean-San Chia Professor PhD.National Taiwan University Oral Microbiology, Oral immunology
Jiiang-Huei Jeng Professor PhD.National Taiwan University Endodontics, Molecular Biology
Sang-Heng Kok Professor PhD.National Taiwan University Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Min-Huey Chen Professor PhD.University of Auckland,New Zealand Operative Dentistry, Biomechanical and Materials Engineering
Sze-Kwan Lin Professor PhD.National Taiwan University Endodontics, Molecular Biology
Bor-Shiunn Lee Professor PhD.National Taiwan University Operative Dentistry, Dental materials
Juo-Song Wang Associate Professor MS.University of Michigan,USA Prosthodontics, Occlusion
Jane Chung-Chen Yao Associate Professor PhD.University of California San Francisco,USA Orthodontics, Oral Biology
Yi-Jane Chen Associate Professor PhD.National Taiwan University Orthodontics, Dental Morphology
Jang-Jaer Lee Associate Professor MS.National Taiwan University Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Po-Chun Chang  Associate Professor PhD, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor, USA Periodontology, Tissue Engineering
Shih-Jung Cheng Associate Professor PhD.National Taiwan University Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Hao-Hueng Chang Associate Professor PhD, National Taiwan University Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Yu-Chih Chiang  Associate Professor PhD.Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Germany Esthetic and Operative Dentistry
Jenny Zwei-Chieng Chang Associate Professor PhD.National Taiwan University Orthodontics, Dental Morphology
Hsiao-Hua Chang Associate Professor PhD.National Taiwan University Pedodontics
Yunn-Jy Chen Assistant Professor Dr.Med Dent,Zuerich University, Switzerland Prosthodontics, Occlusion
Hsin-Ming Chen Assistant Professor PhD.National Taiwan University Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Yuan-Ling Lee Assistant Professor PhD.National Taiwan University Endodontics
Yi-Wen Chen  Assistant Professor PhD.Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan Periodontics, Oral Microbiology
Tsung-Chieh Yang  Assistant Professor PhD.Osaka University, Japan  Prosthodontics
Eddie Hsiang-Hua Lai  Assistant Professor PhD.National Taiwan University Orthodontic and Dentofacial
Wan-Yu Tseng  Assistant Professor PhD.National Taiwan University Restorative and Esthetic Dentistry
Yi-Ping Wang  Assistant Professor PhD, National Taiwan University Oral pathology and Oral medicine
Julia Yu-Fong Chang Assistant Professor PhD, Texas A&M University Oral Pathology, Stem cell biology, Tumor biology
Tong-Mei Wang Assistant Professor PhD, National Taiwan University Prosthodontics
Shih-Kai Wang Assistant Professor PhD, University of Michigan Pediatric Dentistry
Cheing-Meei Liu Clinical Assistant Professor DDS.National Taiwan University Periodontology
Yi-Ling Tsai  Clinical Assistant Professor MS, National Taiwan University Endodontics
Yin-Lin Wang Lecturer PhD.National Taiwan University Pedodontics
Guay-Fen Huang Clinical Lecturer MS.National Taiwan University Pedodontics
Chen-Ying Wang Clinical Lecturer DDS.National Taiwan University Periodontology

 

Teaching Philosophies

We have a solidly organized program, in which dental students attend the same classes in fundamentals of medical sciences with medical students from the same year. Fundamentals of dental sciences are then taken in addition to medical science courses and are taught by the faculty of dentistry.

The major difference between dentistry and general medicine is such that dentistry is not only a science; it is also a form of art. As a competent dentist, manual dexterity and eyes sensitive to esthetics are essential qualities in addition to adequate dental knowledge. Our dental program provides a complete and practical clinical course to educate each future dentist with esthetic and spatial concepts, as well as precise manual skills, and thus our students have many times excelled in practical competitions among seven schools each year.

On the other hand, we also emphasize the importance of dentistry in the field of medicine, such as oral and maxillofacial reconstructions, oral cancer diagnosis and treatment, sleeping and breathing disturbance managements, and dental treatments for those with systemic diseases and those requiring special care.

Our school also adopted the Problem Based Learning (PBL) teaching concept from Harvard University of the United States. PBL consists of interactions among staff and students in the form of group discussion, it not only enables the students to develop individual problem solving skills; it also allows students to initiate active self directed learning. Tutors provide guidance and directions of discussions as well as knowledge outside of textbooks. Along with these dynamic interactions, the student library furthermore provides an immense collection of resources; the students are immersed in an optimal learning environment.

Undergraduate Courses
Student body:230
Quota of each year: 35
Total years of study: 6 years (including 1 year internship)
Total number of credits required to graduate: 249 credits
1st and 2nd year: common subjects taken at the main campus
3rd and 4th year: fundamentals of medical science, fundamentals of dental science, clinical dentistry, taken at the NTU teaching hospital
5th and 6th year: clinical dentistry, internship and patient care at the NTU teaching hospital.
Graduate Courses
The Graduate Institute of Clinical Dentistry provides master’s and PhD programs in orthodontics, prosthodontics, oral diagnosis, pediatric dentistry, restorative dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery, periodontics, and endodontics. The Graduate Institute of Oral Biology provides master’s programs in oral cell biology, oral molecular biology, developmental physiology, and oral biomaterials.
Double degree
Once completing four years of courses worthy of 128 credits, dental students may apply for graduate courses in medicine and public health divisions, and receive double degrees once all credits are fulfilled.

Research

Currently there are 8 research teams

Oral biomedicine and nanotechnology research team—Director: Dr. Chun-Pin Lin

  1. Research Staff: Jiiang-Huei Jeng, Min-Huey Chen, Bor-Shiunn Lee, Yi-JaneChen, Hao-Hueng Chang, Eddie Hsiang-Hua Lai, and Yi-Ling Tsai.
  2. Interdisciplinary collaboration: Feng-Huei Lin, Chi-Wan Lin, Shan Qio Chen, Jung-Hao Cheng, Chung-Yuan Mou, Zhen-Zhong Chen, Guo-Huang Xie, Chen Wen-bin, Hong-Ping Lin, and Ai Chi Feng.
  3. International collaboration:Dr. Hickel(School of Dentistry, University of Munich, Germany), Dr. Song-Tao Shi and Dr. Chi-Kwan Chen(School of Dentistry, University of Southern California).
  4. Main research interests:
    • Mechanisms of dentin hypersensitivity and development of its treatment materials.
    • Endodontic microsurgery and development of nano-size biomaterials for pulp tissue regeneration and repair.
    • Nano-implantation technology in improving physical properties of Ni-Ti rotary instruments.

Facilities

Our facilities include: clinical practical training center, computer room, audio-visual room, dental laboratory, oral pathology, embryology, and histology laboratories.

Research laboratories include laboratories for hard tissue study, craniofacial growth and development, periodontics, oral pathology, oral histology, material science, dental physiology, endodontics, molecular biology, oral biology, oral microbiology, immunology, and laser study.

 

FUTURE DEVELOPMENT

  1. Establishment of the College of Dentistry and its development to become a well-rounded college with a modernized affiliated hospital.
  2. Addition of the following courses in our program: dentistry for handicapped patients, geriatric dentistry, oral implantology, dental practice administration, history of dentistry, dental biomechanics, oral microbiology, dental genetics, oral biomaterials, oral oncology. Improvement and update of our audio-visual resources and facilities, as well as basic medical and dental science course content.
  3. Introduction of graduate courses in oral hygiene and community dentistry as well as dental training centers for dentists and dental auxiliary therapists to establish a more complete dental educational system and more thorough dental treatment policies. Dental auxiliary therapists include dental hygienists, dental assistants or nurses and dental technicians. Among them, dental hygienists require the longest time for training to become qualified as professionals in oral health care. They can provide oral health care, educate and promote dental health to the public, reduce the loading of dentists, and increase efficiency and popularity of dental practice.
  4. The future organization of the College of Dentistry will be as follows:
    School of Dentistry
    Department of Basic Oral Biomedical Sciences
    1. Division of Oral Structures and Cellular Biology
    2. Division of Dental Biomaterial Sciences
    3. Division of Oral Pathology
    Department of Oral Maxillofacial Diagnosis and Surgery
    4. Division of Oral Diagnosis
    5. Division of General Dentistry
    6. Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
    Department of Restorative Dentistry
    7. Division of Operative Dentistry
    8. Division of Endodontics
    9. Division of Prosthetic Dentistry
    Department of Preventive Dentistry
    10. Division of Periodontology
    11. Division of Orthodontics
    12. Division of Pediatric Dentistry
    Graduate Institutes (Master’s and PhD programs)
    13. Graduate Institute of Oral Biology
    14. Graduate Institute of Clinical Dentistry
    Oral Implantology Research Center
    Oral Biomaterial Research Center
    Dental Personnel Training Center
    15. Clinical dentistry continuing education courses
    16. Clinical dentistry simulation clinic

Future Direction

The future college of dentistry

will include two departments, six graduate institutes, eight research centers and a dental hospital with 14 clinical departments. The organization is shown as following table:

Organization of National Taiwan University College of Dentistry

 

 

 

Following courses will be added:

Dentistry for handicapped patients, geriatric dentistry, oral implantology, dental practice administration, dental medical engineering, dental biomechanics. At the same time, we will continue our audio-visual aids collection and improve the contents and equipment of basic medical and oral biology courses.

Establishing the Department of Dental Hygiene:

To provide a complete dental education and complete dental care service; the College of Dentistry has to provide education to both dental students and dental auxiliary therapists. The latter group includes dental hygienists, dental assistants or nurses and dental technicians. Among them, dental hygienists need the longest time for training. In a recent investigation by Chiu, Chen, and Wu reveals that most dentists are looking forward to the establishment of a dental nurse or hygienist system for efficient dental practice. Therefore, the establishment of a department of dental hygiene is necessary.

The objective of the department of dental hygiene is to educate qualified dental hygienists as professionals in oral health care. They can provide oral health care, education and promotion of dental health to the public, reduce the loading of dentists and raise the efficiency and popularity of dental practice.

Graduate Institute of Biological Material Science

Because of the continuous improvement of biotechnique and biomaterials and the dentist plays as a pioneer to have artificial materials implanted into human body, the research and development on biological materials in science is proposed. The graduate institute is composed of two departments: (1) department of dental materials (2) department of biomedical materials.

I. Department of dental materials

In contrast to the most internal medical fields which treat patients with aim to recover their immunity and function by themselves, the dentists always repair the loss or defective tissues with the artificial materials in the clinical practice. Thus, it is essential that dentists should be familiar with all the physical, chemical properties and biocompatibility of the materials which they use daily. Since the development of dentistry is highly dependent on the improvement of dental materials and their research, and the development of dental materials is highly related to the progression of the industrial technology, the combination and integration of science of dental materials and science of mechanical engineering are necessary.

At present, the dental materials can be classified into the following categories:

  1. dental wax
  2. gypsum product
  3. amalgam alloy
  4. dental cements
  5. impression materials
  6. investment materials
  7. metals and alloys
  8. restorative resins
  9. dental porcelain
  10. denture base resins. If the dental adhesives and implant materials are included, more than 10 kinds of materials are applied in the dental field. Because of the necessity of research and development for each material, the department of dental materials is scheduled to have following courses:
    -Advanced dental materials
    -Organic materials in dentistry
    - Inorganic materials in dentistry
    - Standards and testing methods of dental materials
    - Metallurgy in dentistry

II. Department of biomedical materials

With the aim to motivate the research interest in basic science of biological materials, research
on biocompatibility and testing methods of materials are adopted besides the fundamental
knowledge of physical and chemical properties of the materials. By understanding the
performance of the materials applied on animal/human, more information can be gathered and
the development and improvement of materials can be expected. In addition, the ample resource
of materials used in dental practice can be shared with other medical fields. Biological materials
used in orthopedics and silicone materials used as an artificial heart are good examples.
The courses of the department of biomedical materials are scheduled as follow:

  1. Medical Fluid Kinetics
  2. Biomedical material science
  3. Biomechanics
  4. Applied Medical Informatics
  5. Lasers in Biomedicine

 

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